How to Crack NDA & NA 2018, Preparation Tips to Clear NDA & NA Exam 2018, All About NDA Eligibility, syllabus and Best Books for NDA & NA Examination 2018

How to Crack NDA & NA 2018, Preparation Tips to Clear NDA & NA Exam 2018, All About NDA Eligibility, syllabus and Best Books for NDA & NA Examination 2018

Hello friends! Career in Armed Forces has always been the prestigious one. We all have dreamed becoming the Major Kuldeep Chandpuri (Sunny Deol) and Wing Commander Bajwa (Jackie Shroff) of BORDER the Film.

The Dialogue “Hum he Hum Hain to Kya Hum Hain, Tum He Tum Ho to Kya Tum Ho” tells the whole story of how three wings of our armed forces, Indian Army, Indian Navy and Indian Air Force are three Blood Brothers guarding India from Land, Sea and Air threats.

When We See the Captain Karan Shergil (Hrithik Roshan) of LAKSHYA THE FILM and Captain Vikram Batra in LOC KARGIL we get goosebumps.

When we go to the past and see Leiutenant Commander Vikramjeet Singh (Bobby Deol in AB TUMHARE HAWALE WATAN SAATHIYO the Film) of Indian Navy sacrificing his life after his inability to save his Ship in 1971 Indo Pak War, our blood comes to the boil.

This is the only reason, Indian youth are die hard fan of Indian Armed Forces and always see it as one of the best Career Opportunities for them.

Before coming on to the Preparation Tips for NDA 2018, I would like to tell a little in brief about Armed Forces, it’s three Wings and Career Opportunities as Commissioned as well as non Commissioned Ranks.

Career In Armed Forces 

A career in defence forces promises one of the most prestigious and respected positions in the country. Youngsters who aspire to choose a career of excitement, adventure, and challenges can find no better place than defence to meet all their professional expectations.

The Indian Armed Forces are the military forces of India which consist of four professional uniformed services: The Indian Army, Indian Air Force, Indian Navy and Indian Coast Guard (CG was earlier a para military force).

UPSC Recruitment of Commissioned Officers

The Union Public Service Commission recruits the Commissioned Officers in the Armed Forces by conducting mainly the two all India Competitive Examinations.

Apart from recruitment through the UPSC, the commissioned officers are also recruited in Army, Navy and Indian Air Force through the Non-UPSC entries. The individual websites are:-


Indian Army

The Indian Army offers both permanent and short service commissions. In Army, Permanent commission (PC) is granted through the Indian Military Academy (IMA) Dehradun and Short Service Commission (SSC) is granted through Officers Training Academy (OTA) Chennai.

When you opt for ‘PC’, you are basically looking at a permanent career in the Army, a career till you retire. SSC is a wonderful option for all those of you who aspire to serve it for a few years.

Indian Air Force 

For technical branches, women special entry scheme, National Cadet Corps (NCC) special entry scheme, service entries, recruitment is made directly through the Recruiting Directorate for the Indian Air Force.

Indian Navy

Indian Navy also recruits Commissioned officers through Non-UPSC entry for technical branches, women special entry scheme, National Cadet Corps (NCC) special entry scheme, service entries and Education Branch.

A job in the Navy offers you a chance to exploit your true potential as a professional – by learning new skills, acquiring unrivalled experience in the process of applying those skills, and making the most of Navy advancement.

In the Indian Navy, you will find there’s much more to be gained than a regular salary. In fact, the experience that you gain in the Navy can help you shape your future through outstanding financial benefits, unparalleled career potential, and the lifestyle of freedom and personal growth that you’ve been waiting for.

Other than Commissioned Officers entries, Indian Armed forces also recruit the non Commissioned Ranks who form the Major part of the services. For non Commissioned entries, candidates can directly visit the individual sites of Army, Navy and Airforce and apply for various posts accordingly.

National Defence Academy & Naval Academy Examination 2018


Only unmarried male candidates aged between 15Years 6 Months and 18 Years 6 Months are eligible to apply for NDA & NA Examination 2018.

Educational Qualifications

(i) For Army Wing of National Defence Academy :—12th Class pass of the
10+2 pattern of School Education or equivalent examination conducted by a
State Education Board or a University.

(ii) For Air Force and Naval Wings of National Defence Academy and for
the 10+2 Cadet Entry Scheme at the Indian Naval Academy :—12th Class pass of the 10+2 pattern of School Education or equivalent with Physics and
Mathematics conducted by a State Education Board or a University.
Candidates who are appearing in the 12th Class under the 10+2 pattern of School Education or equivalent examination can also apply for this examination.

NDA Entrance Exam

As NDA / NA examination is conducted twice a year, these are known as “NDA 1″ (April) & “NDA 2″(August/Sep).

Online applications for the NDA I and NDA I are invited before 3-4 month of the exams.

After qualifying in the written examination, candidates need to pass SSB (Services Selection Board) interviews and medical test rounds.

Scheme of Examination

There will be two written papers (Objective Types) of  2½ Hours each + SSB Interview (for those who clear the written Examination).

(i) Mathematics – 300 Marks

(ii) General Ability Test – 600 Marks

SSB Test/Interview – 900 Marks

Syllabus of Examination

(i) Paper I Mathematics – 300 Marks

Mathematics paper will have the questions from 12th level maths as follows:-

(a) Algebra

(b) Matrices and Determinants

(c) Trigonometry

(d) Analytical Geometry of Two and Three Dimensions

(e) Differential Calculus

(f) Integral Calculus and Differential Equations

(g) Vector Algebra

(h) Statistics and Probability

(ii) Paper II General Ability Test – 600 Marks

(a) English – 200 Marks

The question paper in English will be designed to test the candidate’s understanding of English and workman like use of words. The syllabus
covers various aspects like : Grammar and usage, vocabulary, comprehension
and cohesion in extended text to test the candidate’s proficiency in English.

(b) General Knowledge – 400 Marks

The question paper on General Knowledge will broadly cover the subjects : Physics, Chemistry, General Science, Social Studies, Geography and
Current Events.

Intelligence and Personality Test – 900 Marks

The candidates who qualify in the written examination are called for SSB interviews.

The SSB procedure consists of two stage Selection process – stage I and stage II. Only those candidates who clear the stage I are permitted to appear
for stage II. The details are :

(a) Stage I comprises of Officer Intelligence Rating (OIR) tests and Picture Perception * Description Test (PP&DT). The candidates will be shortlisted
based on combination of performance in OIR Test and PP&DT.
(b) Stage II Comprises of Interview, Group Testing Officer Tasks, Psychology
Tests and the Conference. These tests are conducted over 4 days. The details
of these tests are given on the website

The personality of a candidate is assessed by three different assessors
viz. The Interviewing Officer (IO), Group Testing Officer (GTO) and the
Psychologist. There are no separate weightage for each test. The marks are
allotted by assessors only after taking into consideration the performance of the candidate holistically in all the test. In addition, marks for Conference are also allotted based on the initial performance of the Candidate in the three
techniques and decision of the Board. All these have equal weightage.

The various tests of IO, GTO and Psych are designed to bring out the
presence/absence of Officer Like Qualities and their trainability in a
candidate. Accordingly candidates are Recommended or Not Recommended.

How to Prepare for NDA & NA Examination 2018

You must have read or heard a saying – “Well Begun is Half Done”. This fits well here too when we talk about Preparation tips for NDA & NA Examination 2018.

Emphasis is given to start the Preparation at an early stage, say when the students have passed the 10th Class and studying in +1 (11th). Some students like in Military schools start it at 8th standard.  It does not mean at all that the guys who have not thought of preparing it at an early stage do not have the chance to crack NDA.

Basic Tips

1- Time Management



Art of time Management in modern era is very crucial for students to Crack not only NDA but any Examination. The best way is to distract yourself from unwanted and unnecessary things and start sitting for long durations of study.

2- Challenge Yourself

Challenges are meant to make a person stronger and a student as well. Introducing new challenges while studying will help your learning and overall capabilities. If you are week in any subject, challenge yourself to master it.

3- Meditate 

Dont be surprised to read the word meditation here as what is the use of meditation for NDA preparation.

Yes it is related to the development of the brain. Sit for half an hour in the morning and start doing Pranayam and meditation. It will help you find yourself and better concentrations.

4- Break the Limits

Don’t ever be confined to your limits. Try to increase all your levels of mental and physical strength daily by doing it more.

Also try to complete the NCERT books at first and then move on to specific NDA books for preparation.

5- Peaceful Study environment 

Getting the peaceful and calm environment to study is very important task for the students. The noisy surround makes it nearly impossible for the students to study.

The best thing to do in such case is to find the best appropriate time and place like late night or early morning when most of the noise is sleeping.

6- Practice Previous years papers

The NDA exam pattern don’t change much. So practicing previous year question papers is the key to success.

7- Revise

As we all know, human being are good at forgetting. Weekly revision of what you have studied in past 6 days will help you to rewind. Spare one day of the week for revision. This will help you memorise in the long run.

In addition, students are advised to adhere to the following:-

  • You should start your preparation as early as possible.
  • At first, collect all NDA study material at a place. Check complete syllabus that what to prepare? It gives you the better idea about most important topics.
  • Strong your basics – Clear the concepts and formulas of your Class VI, VII, and VIII.
  • Create Reading habit – It also gives a boost to your UPSC NDA Exam preparations. Reading Newspaper, Magazines, Gk books etc. enhance your overall general knowledge.
  • Improve English – Reading, writing and listening in English helps you a lot in improving your English. Other activities like watching English news channels, movies etc brush up your Grammar skills.
  • Check some NDA last year question papers for the better idea of NDA Exam.
  • Make a schedule for every topic so that everything can be covered in time.
  • Improve your skills with NDA Online Practice paper and Mock test.
  • Start with your weak topics first try to strengthen them.
  • Don’t forget about Negative Marketing. Avoid guessing answers.
  • Buy NDA Preparation books for better understand the theme of the exam. and Analysis of the author for this year most important sections.
  • Keep yourself calm in the examination hall.

How to Prepare for NDA Mathematics?

Mathematics is all about calculation and formulas. NDA Maths paper includes 120 questions of 300 marks and the major topics of questions asked in NDA Exam are Algebra, Integral, Differential, trigonometry, matrices, Geometry and Statistics & Probability.

Through this paper, examiner tests your maths skills in many ways that how fast and accurate you are in basic calculation and concept. So you should ready for it. here are some important points for How to Prepare Math for NDA Exam?

  1. At first, you should have cleared your basics like formulas, methods, calculations from the beginning. Include 10th to 12th class books in your preparation is a better idea.
  2. Examiner will try to confuse you with many questions to consume your most of time in calculation and thinking. So you should have clarity in concepts. If your basic understanding of the concepts is not clear you will not answers all questions within given time duration of UPSC Online NDA Exam.
  3. Practice more and more with NDA sample papers and Mock questions of maths.
  4. Time Duration of NDA Maths paper is just 150 minutes. So you should set up effective time management for category questions. Here, emphasizing on mental mathematics may be a good idea where you learn to solve the questions mentally most of the time.
  5. Participants must start to make short notes for important mathematics formulas and points from day one of their NDA exam preparation. It will help you at last time for revision.
  6. Maths questions will be asked in both forms – to complete the statement or to solve, so be prepared like that.

How to Prepare for NDA General Ability Test?

General Ability paper of NDA Exam includes 150 questions of 600 marks. and divided into two sections English and General Knowledge. In this paper, examiner tests your Basic English skills and General Knowledge IQ level.

If you have strong basic skills you will score well in NDA general ability paper. it is also a scoring paper. Here are some easy tips on How to Prepare General Ability for NDA Exam?

Part A: NDA English Preparation tips
English paper contains 50 questions of 200 marks. Most of the questions asked from vocabulary, grammar and usage, and comprehension. Students need to score good marks in this paper.

This NDA English paper basically designs to tests your basic English skills. That how good you’re English because you are an upcoming officer.

Here are some important points to consider in your English preparation for NDA Exam.

  1. You should familiar with Basic English grammar rules because most of the questions asked around the reading comprehension, basic grammar, and vocabulary. Wren and Martin Grammar book are a good source for it.
  2. Divide your preparation time topic wise. Give proper time to all topics separately.
  3. Vocabulary and Grammar are not a one-week preparation so you should start as early as possible for that.
  4. Enhance your 4 core skills – Reading, writing, speaking and listening habit in The English language.
  5. Try to learn new English words on daily basis.
  6. Must check previous years NDA English question papers for understanding the concept of exam pattern.
  7. Also, Practice with English online tests for NDA.

Part B: NDA General Knowledge (GK) preparation tips
The GK Test contains 100 questions of 400 marks. General Knowledge paper includes questions from these sections General Science, Indian history, Physics, Geography, Chemistry and Current Events. GK paper has vast criteria so you should prepare some extra for it.

Through this paper, examiner tests your basic general knowledge that how many updates you are in all fields like sports, politics, finance, banking, tax, RBI, arts, awards, literature and latest current events. Here are some tips for gk preparation of NDA exam.

  1. At first, Reading habit of newspapers and watching news channels on daily basis boost up your overall general knowledge around the world.
  2. The Physics and Chemistry sections should be prepared from Class 12th books and Biology, Geography, History, Political Science, and Economics should be prepared up to Class 10th level.
  3. Give proper time for all category questions. Every topic is important.
  4. For Physics topics, you should clear the concepts and their practical knowledge.
  5. For Chemistry, you should have basic knowledge of classifications of elements, compounds, and mixtures
  6. You must be aware of Environment and general science topics.
  7. Buy some best books for NDA general knowledge preparations.
  8. Must have knowledge of Indian history and constitution.
  9. Must check NDA last year exam papers of general knowledge for a better idea of NDA paper pattern.
  10. Strong your Current Affairs section – It is a most important section of GK paper. You should be aware of the latest happening events, policy change, awards, media, banking industry, politics, media news etc.

How to Prepare for SSB Interview?

After successfully qualified for NDA written exam you will be called for an interview by Service Selection Board (SSB). Now, this is your Intelligence and Personality test. Here in this test, you will face many rounds of physical, medical and personal interview, group discussions etc.

SSB Interview test also contains 900 marks. This paper tests your personality, intelligence and mental aptitude of the student. Overall score depends on this paper so you should get good marks in it.

Here are some NDA exam preparation tips for SSB interview you must follow them to easily get passing marks for NDA exam.

  • Focus on developing your personality.
  • The test usually assesses the candidates for officer-like qualities, which includes the sense of responsibility, reacting to situations, social adaptability, teamwork, etc.
  • Self-confidence is must, know yourself and develop qualities of an officer.
  • Know about your Native town better.
  • You must have detailed knowledge of Indian history, Politics, Armed forces in India etc.
  • Maintain a good physical fitness.
  • Cure of disease if any before exam.

Best Books for NDA & NA Examination 2018

When we talk about preparation for any Competitive examination, books are the first thing which comes to our mind.

And what are the best books to prepare for NDA & NA Examination 2018 is the most common question coming to an Aspirant’s mind.

So here are the details of best books to prepare for NDA & NA Examination.

1- Mathematics for NDA NA

2- Pathfinder NDA NA By Arihant

3- Chapter wise Solved Papers NDA NA

4- A Mirror of Common Errors English

5- Arihant Antonyms & Synonyms Anglo Hindi

6- https//

(Manorama Year Book 2018


(Lucent’s General Knowledge)

8- NCERT books for Modern History, Physical Geography  and Indian Geography.

The books at Serial 1-3 are especially for NDA. The books at 4-8 are designed to clear the basics in English and other subjects which students are requested to buy for once which will help them in preparing of any competitive exam including UPSC SSC.

Also make a habit of reading newspapers and magazines to grasp the latest information of national, and international interests which will eventually help you to crack the Paper II.

I request all students to make a difference between hard work and smart work. Hard work with proper direction is smart work. So students, be smart and put your efforts in right direction.

Don’t forget the strength of small things. Study, restudy and revise are the 3 basics of preparation. Give one hour per day, and one day per week to restudy and revise what you have studied the previous day and week.

All the Best! Jai Hind!

About the author


I am Deepak Banga, an aspiring blogger, a Visionary, Dreamer, Achiever & An Enterpreneur serving BharatMata.

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